How Much Do EMTs Make?

emt job descriptionEmergency Medical Technicians or EMTs provide emergency care to individuals who are sick or injured. They usually respond to 911 calls and provide ambulatory services. People’s lives depend on the EMT’s quick reaction and proper care in emergency medical settings, as well as in the transport of patients from the place of incident to the nearest hospital.

EMTs must be available to work in emergency situations, which means they work full time and often during weekends, holidays, and overnight. It is common for an EMT to work in a 12-hour or 24-hour shift. Depending on the type of EMT skill level, the medical services done on patients vary.

EMT Salary

How much do EMTs make? The average EMT salary is $34,320 a year or an equivalent of $16.50 per hour. The upper 10% of EMTs earns an average of $58,640 while the lower 10% earns an average of $22,760.

emt salaryEMTs often work full-time and most of them have to work during weekends and holidays. About 1 in every 3 EMTs work over 40 hours every week. There are several different ways to become an EMT.

An EMT starting salary depends on the skill level, the industry, and the state.

Top 5 Paying States

Flag
State
Employment per 1000 Jobs
Hourly mean wage
Annual mean wage
Washington Flag
Washington
1.00
$27.81
$57,850
Hawaii Flag
Hawaii
1.13
$23.55
$48,970
Illinois Flag
Illinois
2.02
$22.87
$47,580
Alaska Flag
Alaska
1.34
$22.32
$46,430
Nevada Flag
Nevada
1.03
$21.10
$43,890

Top Paying Industries

Industry
Percent of industry employment
Hourly mean wage
Annual mean wage
State Government
0.06
$26.35
$54,800
Medical – Diagnostic Laboratories
0.01
$25.15
$52,320
Junior Colleges
$23.86
$49,620
Colleges/Universities- and Professional Schools
0.01
$20.17
$41,950
Iron – Steel Mills / Ferroalloy Manufacturing
0.04
$19.58
$40,720

EMT Job Description

what does an emt doWhat does an EMT do? EMTs provide emergency medical care for those who are injured or sick. They respond to emergency situations, perform emergency medical services, and transport patients to the hospital or medical facility.

Among the duties of an EMT include responding to 911 calls for those needing emergency medical assistance, performing CPR or dressing wounds, assessing a patient’s condition and providing a course of treatment, using equipment such as backboards and restrains when transferring patients, creating a patient care report, document the care given to the individual, and maintaining the ambulance, equipment, and supplies.

When transferring patients, one EMT drives the ambulance and another monitors the condition of the patient. EMTs also transfer patients from 1 hospital to another, and also assist in helicopter transfers. When handling patients with contagious diseases, EMTs have to report the case to the doctors and decontaminate the ambulance.

There are 3 different level of EMTs: the EMT/Basic, Advanced EMT or EMT-Intermediate, and Paramedic.

EMT/Basic – EMTs under this skill level care for and provide emergency medical services, and have the skills to manage respiratory, trauma, and cardiac emergencies.

EMT Intermediate – EMTs under this skill level have all the skills of an EMT Basic plus more advanced medical procedures like administering intravenous fluids and medicines.

Paramedic – EMTs under this skill level provide more extensive pre-hospital care, give medication intravenously or orally, interpret EKGs, and use other more complex equipment.

There are 239,100 jobs for EMTs and 48% of them works in ambulant services while 30% works in the government and 17% works in hospitals.

They work indoors and outdoors and under all types of weather. The work that an EMT does is physically demanding. Kneeling down, running, and lifting patients is a common demand of the job. Most EMTs work in metropolitan areas and those in smaller cities often work as volunteer EMTs for fire departments and hospitals.

EMTs also have a higher rate for injuries and illnesses than the national average. They are often exposed to individuals with severe medical conditions such as contagious diseases and they are at a greater risk for acquiring Hepatitis B or AIDS. They also work with the police or fire department during disasters and are exposed to dangerous situations. Some patients may also be mentally ill or combative and can be violent.

These risks for injuries and illnesses can be reduced by waiting for the police to clear the area and by wearing gloves and other necessary gear to prevent the spread of diseases.

EMT Job Outlook

The projected increase in employment for EMTs is at 15% from 2016 to 2026. About 37,400 jobs are seen to be created during these years. This is much higher than the national average and it’s due to the foreseen demand in emergency medical needs for the aging population and to the development of specialized medical facilities.

Growth in the middle aged and senior citizen population will lead to an increase in the number of age-related emergencies such as heart attacks and strokes. New technologies in the field of medicine will also see more patients being transferred from one medical facility to another.

EMT Salary by State

Flag
State
Employment per 1000 Jobs
Hourly mean wage
Annual mean wage
Alabama Flag
Alabama
1.889
$14.26
$29,670
Alaska Flag
Alaska
1.337
$22.32
$46,430
Arizona Flag
Arizona
1.442
$16.94
$35,240
Arkansas Flag
Arkansas
1.871
$14.48
$30,130
California Flag
California
1.073
$17.17
$35,720
Colorado flag
Colorado
1.477
$18.84
$39,180
Connecticut Flag
Connecticut
1.966
$20.38
$42,390
Delaware flag
Delaware
3.084
$17.77
$36,960
Florida Flag
Florida
1.269
$15.46
$32,150
Georgia Flag
Georgia
2.305
$15.24
$31,690
Hawaii Flag
Hawaii
1.129
$23.55
$48,970
Idaho Flag
Idaho
1.542
$15.19
$31,600
Illinois Flag
Illinois
2.023
$22.87
$47,580
Indiana Flag
Indiana
1.962
$14.83
$30,850
Iowa Flag
Iowa
1.675
$16.04
$33,370
Kansas Flag
Kansas
1.91
$14.09
$29,310
Kentucky Flag
Kentucky
2.513
$14.13
$29,390
Louisiana Flag
Louisiana
1.501
$17.24
$35,850
Maine Flag
Maine
2.948
$15.69
$32,630
Maryland Flag
Maryland
1.831
$19.02
$39,550
Massachusetts Flag
Massachusetts
2.003
$19.18
$39,890
Michigan Flag
Michigan
1.625
$15.01
$31,220
Minnesota Flag
Minnesota
1.55
$18.80
$39,110
Mississippi Flag
Mississippi
1.9
$15.48
$32,210
Missouri Flag
Missouri
2.165
$16.11
$33,520
Montana Flag
Montana
1.639
$14.23
$29,590
Nebraska Flag
Nebraska
1.183
$15.63
$32,520
Nevada Flag
Nevada
1.03
$21.10
$43,890
New Hampshire Flag
New Hampshire
1.542
$17.33
$36,040
New Jersey Flag
New Jersey
1.983
$16.99
$35,340
New Mexico Flag
New Mexico
1.843
$16.80
$34,950
New York Flag
New York
1.749
$19.13
$39,780
North Carolina Flag
North Carolina
2.506
$15.69
$32,630
North Dakota Flag
North Dakota
1.959
$14.01
$29,130
Ohio Flag
Ohio
1.992
$14.74
$30,660
Oklahoma Flag
Oklahoma
2.123
$14.59
$30,340
Oregon Flag
Oregon
1.209
$18.25
$37,960
Pennsylvania Flag
Pennsylvania
2.312
$15.32
$31,870
Rhode Island Flag
Rhode Island
1.419
$19.85
$41,280
South Carolina Flag
South Carolina
2.899
$15.08
$31,370
South Dakota Flag
South Dakota
2.19
$13.72
$28,550
Tennessee Flag
Tennessee
2.659
$15.85
$32,970
Texas Flag
Texas
1.449
$16.84
$35,020
Utah Flag
Utah
1.72
$16.48
$34,270
Vermont Flag
Vermont
1.761
$14.79
$30,770
Virginia Flag
Virginia
1.392
$15.46
$32,150
Washington Flag
Washington
0.995
$27.81
$57,850
West Virginia Flag
West Virginia
3.552
$13.15
$27,350
Wisconsin Flag
Wisconsin
1.997
$13.89
$28,900
Wyomin Flag
Wyoming
2.286
$15.63
$32,500

Top paying metropolitan areas

Area
Employment per 1000 jobs
Hourly mean wage
Annual mean wage
Seattle / Bellevue / Everett, – WA – Metropolitan Division
0.83
$30.71
$63,890
Chicago / Joliet / Naperville, – IL – Metropolitan Division
1.82
$28.18
$58,610
Santa Cruz / Watsonville, – CA
0.70
$27.56
$57,330
Olympia, WA
1.57
$27.54
$57,270
San Francisco / San Mateo / Redwood City, – CA – Metropolitan Division
0.64
$26.71
$55,560

Top paying nonmetropolitan areas

Area
Employment per 1000 jobs
Hourly mean wage
Annual mean wage
Northwestern Washington – nonmetropolitan area
1.45
$28.20
$58,670
Railbelt – Southwest Alaska, nonmetropolitan area
1.20
$27.50
$57,210
Central Washington, nonmetropolitan area
3.04
$25.67
$53,390
Eastern Washington – nonmetropolitan area
0.89
$25.56
$53,160
Nantucket Island / Martha’s Vineyard, nonmetropolitan area
3.95
$24.51
$50,980

EMT Career Video

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Noel Griffith

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